I was asked to give a speech in January of 2008 on trends and opportunities of 2008. While researching for the speech, I reviewed the last several months of Wall Street Journal alerts and other trends, and the overall story was downright scary – oil continues to push to new highs, billions and billions of dollars were infused into large capital institutions from overseas investors, and companies are dealing with significant compliance and benefit costs (including a significant increase in defined benefit plan payouts with the retirement of baby boomers). What does all this have to do with commodities? Everything. One of the trends identified is that it is becoming more and more challenging to compete in a commodity business, since costs continue to rise yet the market is won on the lowest price – a no win situation. Therefore, continuous improvement must be thrown out and replaced with radical change.
As much as I believe in the concept of continuous improvement in a general sense, there are times when it becomes an exercise of beating your head against the wall. In these situations, radical change is required. For example, let’s consider a manufacturing company that produces large, bulky, commodity products. Profit margins are thin (as typical in commodity businesses). Oil and freight costs rise, which affect the cost of several key raw materials, your packaging and your transportation costs, which are aggravated by the fact that your product is big and bulky. Additionally, since you are in a commodity business, you are constantly challenged by higher labor costs in comparison to labor rates in Mexico and China; however, outsourcing isn’t all its cracked up to be with the significant increases in transportation costs and lead times combined with the hidden costs associated with quality and management. So, let’s consider continuous improvement – you find a way to increase your machine speed 5%, which results in a minor labor savings (yet, even the minimal savings might not flow to the bottom line if your requirements move from 3 shifts to 2.8 shifts, and you cannot reduce by .2 of a shift). Even with 100 ideas such as the one above, you are struggling to keep within a 5% cost increase, and the ideas require resources, cash, etc.
Instead, consider radical change! There are several potential alternatives. First, you could decide to exit the commodity business. Perhaps you could focus on alternate product lines, or even with the worst case scenario, you’d stop the bleeding. Second, you could develop the strategy to be the low cost producer. Although this option could require significant capital expenditure, significant product and packaging design changes, and/or significant outsourcing, it is viable to be in a commodity business if you have substantially lower, sustainable costs than your competitors and are able to build your volume. Third, you could choose innovation! Listen to your customers and find a way to leverage your strengths in a way that provides a value add for your customers – in essence, transition your commodity business into a value add business. Don’t limit your thinking – you could provide value add in terms of product features, service or in any area the customer values and/or has an unmet need. What do you do better than your competition? The key is to move your customer’s focus from low cost/ low price to significant value/ value pricing (low price in relation to the value received). Fourth, a variation of the third option is to exit the commodity product line, and instead focus considerable R&D / innovation on finding a new product/ service line that leverages your company’s core strengths and focuses on value. Although these options relate to the example, the same type of options can be used for any type of business – high tech manufacturing, distribution, service, etc.
Did you notice anything in common with the options? I see two key points: Innovation and boldness/ bravery (after all, how many people are willing to choose the road of radical change?). On a positive note, the only positive Wall Street Journal alerts were that Americans won the 2007 Nobel Economics & Peace Prizes. Innovation has long been a strength in the U.S. Consider throwing out the old rule book; turn your thinking upside down in favor of innovation and value-add.